ESM2025 – Earth System Models for the Future
- Geographical scope:Global, Regional, National
- Time horizon:2021-2025
- Initial Release:2021
- Institution(s):METEO FRANCE - CENTRE NATIONAL DE RECHERCHES METEOROLOGIQUES (Co-ordinator), Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt - German Aerospace Center, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Imperial College London, Meteorologisk institutt, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Zur Förderung Der Wissenschaften E. V., Office for Climate Education, University of Exeter, Universitetet i Bergen, University of Reading, Potsdam Institut fuer Klimafolgenforschung, University of Leeds, Mercator Ocean International, Met Office Hadley Centre, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Centre Européen de Recherche et de Formation Avancée en Calcul Scientifique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Institut des Géosciences et de l'Environnement, Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut, Climate & Energy College, University of Melbourne Center for International Climate Research
Over the past decades, climate science has demonstrated that human activities are responsible for global warming and a range of associated environmental impacts. The current generation of Earth System Models has been a centrepiece of these achievements, providing an important scientific basis for understanding climate change and informing policy action, both for mitigation and adaptation
to global change.
However, ESMs still need further development to reach their full potential in order to thoroughly design and assess the options needed to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement. The project aims to develop a next generation of European ‘mitigation-oriented’ ESMs that can meet these objectives.
By developing a novel generation of ESMs, the project takes a step forward in providing relevant climate simulations for the design of comprehensive climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies, in line with the Paris Agreement. This next generation of ESMs will include an improved representation of the full Earth-system response to anthropogenic emissions, with a particular focus on human land-use change.