The Climate Response to Emissions Reductions Due to COVID‐19: Initial Results From CovidMIP
- Type of publication:Research Letter
- Date of publication:March 2021
- Author/s:Chris D. Jones, Jonathan E. Hickman, Steven T. Rumbold, Jeremy Walton, Robin D. Lamboll, Ragnhild B. Skeie, Stephanie Fiedler, Piers M. Forster, Joeri Rogelj, Manabu Abe, Michael Botzet, Katherine Calvin, Christophe Cassou, Jason N.S. Cole, Paolo Davini, Makoto Deushi, Martin Dix, John C. Fyfe, Nathan P. Gillett, Tatiana Ilyina, Michio Kawamiya, Maxwell Kelley, Slava Kharin, Tsuyoshi Koshiro, Hongmei Li, Chloe Mackallah, Wolfgang A. Müller, Pierre Nabat, Twan van Noije, Paul Nolan, Rumi Ohgaito, Dirk Olivié, Naga Oshima, Jose Parodi, Thomas J. Reerink, Lili Ren, Anastasia Romanou, Roland Séférian, Yongming Tang, Claudia Timmreck, Jerry Tjiputra, Etienne Tourigny, Kostas Tsigaridis, Hailong Wang, Mingxuan Wu, Klaus Wyser, Shuting Yang, Yang Yang, Tilo Ziehn
Many nations responded to the COVID‐19 pandemic by restricting travel and other activities during 2020. This caused a temporary reduction in emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. We compare results from twelve Earth system models to see if the emissions reductions affected climate. These twelve models performed over 300 experiments using multiple initial‐conditions. We find a consensus that aerosol amounts were reduced, especially over southern and eastern Asia, during 2020‐2024. This led to increases in solar radiation reaching the surface in this region. However, we could not detect any associated impact on temperature or rainfall. We recommend more analyses on regional scales. We also suggest that analysis of extreme weather and air quality would be useful to test the impact on climate of emission reductions due to COVID‐19.